Lal Mahal palace. Pune

Brave warrior
The  vast Maratha Empire, covering over 2.8 million km,  was a powerful Indian force  to reckon with that existed from 1674 to 1818.  The Marathas  gave a stiff resistance to Muslim invasions  from the north  and are known, to a large extent, for ending the Mogul rule in India. Marathas, Hindu warriors from  the  western  Deccan  Plateau  (present day Maharashtra), became  a formidable group under the able  leadership of Shivaji. They successfully tackled the British rulers  and never gave in till their defeat in the Second and Third Anglo-Maratha Wars (1805–1818), which left the East India Company in control of most of India. Lal Mahal was the residence of Maratha warrior Shivaji in Pune where much of his early years were spent.

Chatrapathi Shivaji(1627/1630 – 3 April 1680).
Lal Mahal (meaning Red palace),  built in the year  1630 AD by  Shivaji's father  Shahaji  Bhosale for Shivaji and his mother Jijibhai in Pune, in the state of Maharastra is  one of the important destinations for  tourists  who come to here  in large numbers. Built in red brick, the great Maratha warrior Shivaji  (1627/1630 – 3 April 1680) spent much of hf his childhood here under the loving care of his beloved mother Jijibhai.  Being a Sardar in the Bijapur Sultanate, his father Shahaji Bhosale  was granted properties in Pune. His father decided to send Shivaji and his mother Jijabhai to Pune  from Bangalore. While staying here in Lal Mahal it was here Shivaji married  one  Maharani Saibai; Shivaji  resided here for a long time  until he  captured  the first fort.
This impressive red brick building,  standing  in a prominent place in Pune city was witness to the historical encounter between Shivaji and  Shaista Khan, a subahdar and a general in the Mogul army, when the latter launched a surreptitious  guerrilla attack on Lal Mahal  that ended in failure. While  Shaista Khan was trying to escape through the window, Shivaji cut oft his fingers. Towards the end of 17th century, because of  frequent attacks on the palace, it fell into ruins.

Shivaji and his mother
 The palace  has  a garden dedicated to Jijamata, known as Jijamata Garden. Pune Municipal Corporation had renovated the Lal Mahal in the year 1988. Pune  city is well connected by air, rail and road with important place.

At the palace  are statues of "Jijamata" (Shivaji's Mother) and an impressive carving depicting  young Shivaji plowing with a golden  plough, with mother Jijabai and Guru Dadoji  Konddev looking at him. The palace has a rich collection of large-size oil  paintings depicting  various events in Shivaji's heroic life.


same place where Shivaji Maharaj cut Shaistekhan's fingers when he was trying to run away from one of the windows of the Lal Mahal. Pictorial representation of incidents from Shivaji Maharaja's life could be seen on the walls of this palace. Jijamata Garden has also been made in this place. Kids senior citizens spend their evenings happily here.