Bilva (bael) and its health benefits
Bilva  or bael trees

Bael, also known as the “Wood Apple”, is native to India and is believed to be sacred to the Hindus. The bilva leaves are commonly used in many Shavite temples across India and are part of ritualistic prayers in famous temples. That the various Hindu goddesses such as Lakshmi (consort of Lord Vishu), Parvathi (consort of Shiva) and other deities live
in the Bael tree, is the singular reason for its  significance in  Hinduism.

Also called "Belpatra", according various scriptures, Ayurveda  other studies Bilva tree has great medicinal values and is quite beneficial  for a variety of  ailments without any side effects.  The roots, skin, leaves, fruit, everything from  the tree is used to cure various ailments.The medication prepared under expert guidance has been traditionally used for centuries by Siddha medical practitioners who rely on the various herbs and medicinal plants grown 

in the hilly regions  of Western and Eastern Ghat mountains,  Vindhaya and Himalayan mountains. The bael / bilva fruit has been known for its medicinal values since 2000 BC.

The following are the health benefits:

01. Gastric ulcer: In India people eat lots of spicy, hot food and this may create imbalance in the acidic level in the stomach, leading to ulcers. Certain phenolic compounds containing anti-oxidants in belva will  help  fight gastric ulcers. Bilva leaves powder is liver stimulant and improves the functions of the liver.

02. Infection: India being a tropical country, we are prone to contract some infections in the body. The extract of bael fruit has antimicrobial properties that may address this problem.

03. Respiratory problems: Air pollution and micro dust problems can not be avoided and at least they can be prevented. Respiratory disorders like asthma or cold can be controlled by  using  oil extracts from bael. Oil has to be applied on the  scalp and
rubbed well  before a head bath. It will give resistance to cold.
Bael /bilva fruiyt
04. Constipation: Constipation is  major health problems faced by people, in particular, senior citizens. If unchecked and precautions are not taken, such sustained conditions may lead to piles and even Hernia (if the patients already have symptoms). They can be cured if you take the bilva pulp in the form of sherbet along with a small amount of  black pepper and salt. Bael extract is rich in  laxatives. Bilva unripe fruits work as appetizer, digestant and astringent, whereas the  ripened fruits are sweet and mild laxative.

05. Diabetes: The incidence of diabetes in India has increased manifold in the last decade and now it has assumed a major health threat to the Indian population. The main reason is excess consumption of carbohydrates in the form of rice and certain types of maidha flour. As the bilva extract has certain laxatives that are beneficial in the control of blood sugar level, the Pancreas gets energized and produces the required insulin to balance the Blood sugar level at the right level.

06. Inflammation: Bilva is  anti-inflammatory and is a good cure for any inflammation. If the extract is applied on the inflamed area, the swelling will go away after sometimes. The extract will get into the skin and stimulate the affected small blood veins and will help improve the blood circulation in the affected areas.
Leaves of this Ayurvedic herb alleviate edema and pain. Bilva  leaves powder is used  for treating  conditions like swelling pain in ribs.
Bael Sherbet
07. Heart ailments:  The juice of ripe bael fruit is a good remedy for the prevention of onslaught of heart diseases. The fruit pulp or juice mixed with a small amount of ghee (extract from butter) ought to be taken regularly. This will reduce the risk of heart attacks, strokes, irregular heart beats, etc. Bilva fruit powder is a good cardiac tonic, haemostatic and alleviates swelling, hence root is used in cardiac debility and palpitation.

08. Bone diseases: Bael is loaded with Vitamin C and can address the various  minor bone problems, bone mass weight, etc.  Scurvy is preventable, if bilva extract is taken regularly.

09. Control  of cholesterol:  Bael leaves have such medicinal properties that are essential for the reduction of Cholesterol in the blood. The antioxidants in the bilva have  high therapeutic value.

10. Diarrhoea, cholera, haemorrhoids, vitiligo:  The presence of tannin in the bael fruit helps in curing diseases like diarrhea and cholera. Hemorrhoids and vitiligo can find  effective cure if one takes  the extract of unripe bael fruit. people with anaemic disorders, ear and eye problems can get some relief from the bael extract. In  early days, to treat fractured bones, the dried powder of raw bael mixed with turmeric and ghee was applied on the affected area. Bilva  root bark, unripe fruit are useful in loss of appetite, diarrhea, dysentery, sprue, pain in abdomen.

Other medical benefits:

Bilva unripe fruit, ground to paste and cooked with sugar, is very beneficial in bleeding piles.

Bilva leaf powder mixed with black pepper is used in jaundice and  prevention of cholera.

Bilva is used in hemorrhoids and in other diseases with tendency of bleeding.

This Ayurvedic herb is also commonly used in the management of hemorrhoids and fluid retention in the body. It also increases the overall strength of the body.

The bael leaves and fruits do have high-level therapeutic value and address many health issues. However, consulting a local Siddha or Ayurvedha expert is very essential because the bilva leaf or fruit alone is not the panacea.