Amazing , but controversial warrior Tipu Sultan of Mysore and many interesting facts.

Tipu Sultan of Mysore, India,

No doubt Tipu Sultan (November, 1750 -  May, 1799) was a powerful Indian ruler who fought tooth and nail against the British and set the breaks for their expansion in the southern part of India. Till his death, he was an implacable enemy and he had serious obsession to get the British out of India, and for which he became a close and trusted alley of the French. The East India company had nightmares when it came to deal with him. There are some twists to his personality with respect to Hindus.  The mass killing of  Nairs of Kerala, Mandyam Ayyengars  (Vaishnavite Brahmins of Mandya district) of  Melucote on the day of Deepavali  festival in 1760 ; more than 800 innocent people  were tortured to death. Some historian say the causality  was more than 1000 at least.  As for the Christians, he never trusted them. The way he treated the Mangalore Christians  and the people of Kudagu during his reign show him  as an unpredictable ruler, a tyrant. 

The Sringeri Mutt, Karnataka  has  47 letters addressed by Tipu Sultan to the then Shankaracharya Sri Sacchidananda Bharati III (1770 – 1814). According to Dr. A. K. Shastry (in his book ‘The records of the Sringeri Dharmasamsthana’) these letters  show  Tipu’s deep affection for the Mutt and the then Shankaracharya  and also reflect on the other important facets of Tipu’s character hitherto we 've not heard of. Tipu's help regarding the installation of Linga in the Mutt after the Maratha raid is mentioned in a few research work on him; historians say such reports have no authenticity  His father Hyder Ali helped  Queen Velu Nachiyar regain her kingdom - Sivaganga, now  in Tamil Nadu. She was in exile in Dindugal as a guest of Hyder Ali, after the British raid on Sivaganga.When it comes to religion, Tipu remains as an enigma with layers of puzzle. 

Some interesting facts:

01.  Tipu Sultan's parents were  Hyder Ali and his wife Fatima Fakhr Un Nisa.  His earlier name was  Fath Ali but often called him Tipu after the local saint Tipu  Mastan Aulia. Tipu Sultan's full name was Sultan Fateh Ali Khan Shahab.

02.  Tipu was commonly tagged as  the Tiger of Mysore and he used it as the emblem of his rule.

03. He learned  many aspects of the warfare when he was young - horse riding, shooting,  swordsmanship, etc when he was just 15.

04. Tipu  was a man of valor and wisdom. When, on a hunting trip with a French man in a dense forest, a chance encounter with a big tiger forced him to use his dagger to finish the ferocious animal as his gun failed to work. This heroic exploit  earned him the name "the Tiger of Mysore".

 Tipu Sultan of mysore. 

 Above image:  First to introduce long traveling missiles with heat resistant tube. Tipu Sultan of Mysore. Lagâri Hasan Çelebi's rocket flight depicted in a 17th-century engraving.

05. Haider Ali  and Tipu were the first ones who used long distance traveling missiles with a  strong  heat-resistant iron tube  and sharp sword, etc. They also  had rocket launch pads built in their fort at Srirangapatnam. His technology was copied by the French and later by the British.  The Mysorian rockets carrying sharp iron - objects to cause severe injuries to the enemies   were better than those used in France. They could each long distance and their trajectory could be  changed based on the terrain and targets. 

Tipu sultan's Mysorian rockets. Angelo-Mysore war.

 Above image:  Tipu sultan's rockets called Mysorian rockets. Angelo-Mysore war. The British Press had a field day with the British retreat. A big indignation for the British...............

06. Tipu Sultan's Mysorean rockets were used as  main models for the new version of Congreve Rockets  designed by  Sir William Congreve in 1804.

07. After the death of Tipu Sultan (1799; he was shot dead), in the final Anglo-Mysore war (1798–1799) under the command of Lord Lord Wellesley, the British forces took away the sword and ring of Tipu Sultan as war trophies. Lord Wellesley himself had the gold ring removed from the slain-body soon after his death. The gold ring had the Hindu God's name Ram engraved in Devanagari script. On May 24, 2014  Somerset's great grand son Baron Raglan (descendant of Lord Wellesley) put it up for auction and the well attended auction fetched 140,500 pounds for that gold ring (41.2 gm) worn by Tipu at the time of his death on the Srirangapatnam battle ground.

Tipu Sultan's gold

08. Tipu's world famous sword carrying the emblem of Tiger on the handle was made of special Steel called Woltz, using high carbon special alloy with amazing sharp edge.

09. Tipu Sultan's ambition was to become  a Padishah after defeating the British and  his Brahmin astrologers told him this would happen only upon completion of certain  rituals. 

10. Among the Indian rulers, Tipu had a powerful navy, consisting of 20 battleships of 72 cannons and  20 frigates of  62 powerful cannons. Mangalore was used as a port. He had his war ship made with brass bottom for long life.

11. It is believed  that Tipu Sultan  replaced  names of some places  with Muslim names.  examples: Mangalore  was changed to Jalalabad, Mysore to Nazarabad,  Cannanore to Kusanabad,  Dharwar to Quarshed-Sawad, Dindigul to Khaliqabad, Kozhikode to Islamabad, etc. Names of all these places were reverted to old names only after Tipu Sultan's death in 1799.

12. According to an  official report by Colonel Fullarton, then in-charge of British forces in Mangalore, Tipu Sultan during his acquisition of Palghat Fort in the year 1783, killed the Hindus, especially Brahmins. (authenticity required).

13. Tipu had to retreat during 
the Battle of the Nedumkotta (1789) against the Nairs of Travancore as the British forces were behind the Travancore army.

14. Tipu Sultan was a great soldier and saved the South India from British invasions for a long time. He learned military strategies from the French.

15. There is a story going around about his romantic escapade with one  legendary woman warrior Unniyarcha whom he captured in a war and later  married  her in May, 1790 under force. (authenticity required).

16.  The  40-acre Lalbagh Botanical Garden in Bangalore owes its origin to Tipu. He was fond of  horticulture and gardening and possessed considerable knowledge.

17.  Before Tipu became a ruler of Mysore, official works were done in Kannada and Marathi languages. But after he ascended the thrown, Farsi was introduced as the new official language of Mysore state (authenticity required).

18. After his father, Tipu ruled the kingdom for 17 years. Just near his Srirangapatnam fort is the famous Hindu temple dedicated to lord Vishnu.   During his life time  he never interfered with the affairs of the Hindu temple.

As far as religion is concerned,  Tipu  is not free from controversies  and his secular credentials have been a bone of contention for  a long time.  He  still  continues to remain

a controversial ruler of past era in a land dominated by the Hindus. 
Tipu Sultan of Mysore, India,