Khusrau Bagh, Allahabad, great mausoleums steeped in historry

Tomb of Nithar  Khusrau Bagh
khshru Bagh Shah Begum's tomb
 Located in Muhalla Khuldabad close to the Allahabad Junction Station, in Allahabad city, Uttar Pradesh  is a great monument of national importance called Khusrau Bagh. What is so special about it? It is  a large walled garden and burial complex  about two miles from the Akbar (r. 1556-1605) built Allahabad Fort.  Occupying on a  quadrangle-shaped land, covering over forty acres, this historical site has the tombs of
Khusrau captured by Jahangir Wikipedia
Shah Begum (born Manbhawati Bai) (d. 1604), Jahangir's Rajput wife and the daughter of Maharaja Bhagwant Das and Khusrau Mirza's (d. 1622) mother; Khusrau Mirza, Jahangir's eldest son and briefly heir apparent to the Mogul throne; and Nithar Begum (d. 1624), Khusrau Mirza's sister and Jahangir's daughter.
Jahangir Mughal EmperoYouTube

Shah Begum, wife of Mogul ruler Jahangir Revolvy
Bibi Tamolan's tomb Khusrau Bagh
 Inside the walled garden are the three Mogul-style  mausoleums made of sandstone. Aqa Reza, Jahangir’s principal court artist, was in charge of the  Mogul design of its main entrance, the surrounding gardens, and the three-tier tomb of Shah Begum. Shah Begum, whose real name was  Man Bai, was the daughter of Raja Bhagwant Das of Amber. Grief-stricken over the strained relationship between her  husband Jahangir ( (31 August 1569 - 28 October 1627; 4th mogul ruler) and  her son Khusrau,  she lost her peace of mind in the royal household and, at last, she committed suicide in 1604 by swallowing opium.  In 1605, the emperor Akbar died. Emperor Akbar, who died in 1605, had been deeply disappointed with Khusrau's father Jahangir. Perhaps due to this family background, Khusrau  had a row with his father in 1606 to secure the throne for himself. Her tomb was designed in 1606 by Aqa Reza and is a three-story terrace plinth without a main mound. The striking feature of the tomb is a large chhatri that surmounts the plinth. The arabesque inscriptions that adorn her tomb were carved out by Mir Abdullah Mushkin Qalam, Jahangir's greatest calligrapher.
 Khusrau Bagh Nithar's tomb interior
Decorated arch of the Tomb of Nithar
The tomb of Khusrau's sister, Nithar (built in the year 1624-25 at her request), close to the Begum's  is the most beautiful and the most elaborate structure with an elevated platform  that has distinct  panels depicting the scalloped arch motif. There are rooms within the plinth  and here the ceilings are elaborately painted with stars in concentric circles with special care. They are quite attractive just like the  floral decorations depicting Persian cypresses, wine vessels, flowers and plants on the walls of the central room. But, this mausoleum does not have her tomb within and is empty!!

As  Khusrau was frequently at loggerheads with his father Emperor Jahangir, who had no good terms with his father Akbar, he was first imprisoned within the garden in 1606. After he made an abortive attempt to escape from here, Jahangir took the extreme step which no father would stoop to such a level. On his instructions  Khusrau   was first blinded and later killed in 1622.  This time, the orders came from  Khusrau's brother and Jahangir's third son Prince Khurram, who later became the Emperor Shah Jahan.  This tomb was the last one completed in 1622.  Khusrau's tomb was completed in 1622.  Nithar Begum's tomb lies between Shah Begum's and Khusrau's tombs.

During the great rebellion of 1857 against the English company's misrule,  Khusrau Bagh became the focul point of the sepoys under Maulvi Liaquat Ali who  liberated Allahabad. The EIC army quickly took action, put down the rebels and took control of  Khusrau Bagh in a short period of two weeks

.Presently, Khusrau bagh is an important suburb of Allahabad city.