Mighty Amer Fort, Amer, Rajasthan - a glimpse

The state of Rajasthan has a number of well-planned and designed big forts for the simple reason, in the past  this area was vulnerable to enemy attack from the NW regions and also from the Muslim rulers of Delhi. Many of them were built to withstand long siege hence were self-contained, including copious supply of water to the fort premises. 
Located high atop  a hill, Amer Fort or Amber Fort in Amer town of Rajasthan  is  an important tourist destination.  It was in 2013, Amer Fort, along with five other forts of Rajasthan, was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site as part of the group Hill Forts of Rajasthan".  This palace, along with near-by Jaigarh Fort, is on the Cheel ka Teela (Hill of Eagles) of the same Aravalli range of hills. These two forts forming a complex are interconnected by  a subterranean passage, to be used as an escape route in case of an emergency
Diwan-i-Am, Amer Fort, Rajasthan, India

Amar Palace, Rajasthan, India  c1880 by simpson. en.wikipedia.org.

Amer fort, Rajasthan, en.wikipedia.org
Overlooking the Maota lake, the main source of water for the Amer palace, visitors will be much impressed by its sheer size, large ramparts and series of gates and cobbled paths.  It is not that easy to access the fort by the enemies. Close to the pink city of Jaipur,  just 11 km, the big fort is quite known for its fine architecture and distinctive artistic styles native to Rajasthan. Taking inspiration from Mogul style architecture,  the builder handled the construction  work diligently using a blend of red sandstone and marble and this approach imparts opulence to many building, particularly the palace that is laid out  on four levels  each with a courtyard and other features. 
 The Amer Fort is also popularly known as the Amer Palace and it  was the residence of the Rajput Maharajahs and their families; The palace  consists of the Diwan-i-Aam, or "Hall of Public Audience", the Diwan-i-Khas, or "Hall of Private Audience", the Sheesh Mahal (mirror palace), or Jai Mandir, and the Sukh Niwas. In the latter the special feature is it is cool indoors and the cool condition is created artificially by breeze  that blows over a water cascade within the palace. The second courtyard, up the main stairway of the first level courtyard, has an important hall. It houses the Diwan-i-Aam or the Public Audience Hall where the ruler will listen to the grievances of the common people. Built with a double row of columns, the Diwan-i-Aam is a raised platform with 27 colonnades, each of which is mounted with an elephant-shaped capital, with galleries above it. As the name suggests, the Raja (King) held audience here to hear and receive petitions from the public

There is a  temple dedicated to Shila Devi, a goddess of the Chaitanya cult. It was given to Raja Man Singh  when he defeated the Raja of Jessore (in Bangla Desh), Bengal in 1604, The temple is at the entrance to the palace  near the fort's Ganesh Gate.   

The town of Amer and the Amber Fort were  first built by the Meena's - people belonging to a particular caste (details are vague).  Later the fort and the near-by area came under th administration of   Raja Man Singh I. Raja Man Singh had 12 queens so he built  12 rooms, one for each queen. Each room had a staircase connected to the King’s room but the queens were not to go upstairs. But, Raja Jai Singh had only one queen so he built one room equal to three old queen’s rooms.