Bombay High court building - an awe-inspiring Victorian Gothic revival structure

Mumbai High Court

Mumbai High Court

The Bombay High Court, one of the three High Courts in India established at the Presidency Towns by Letters patent granted by Queen Victoria in June,1862, is a fine example of Gothic revival architecture widely used in the  country’s early colonial buildings.  Inaugurated on August 14, 1862 under the High Courts Act, 1861.The impressive building that dominates the skyline here is part of The Victorian and Art Deco Ensemble of Mumbai, which was added to the list of World Heritage Sites in 2018.

Mumbai High Court.

The construction work on the structure began  in April 1871 and completed in November 1878. The architect was British engineer Col. James A. Fuller. Dimensions:  562 feet (171 m) long and 187 feet (57 m) wide.  With  statues of Justice and Mercy are atop this building there are two impressive octagonal towers to he west of the central tower   .
The 125th anniversary was held in 2003 and in 2010 it completed 150 years and a  special postal cover was released by the central government in   August 2012. In 2016, decision was made to shift the the Bombay High Court to another site in  Bandra Kurla Complex.

Among the prominent  court cases heard in the high Court here Bal Gangadhar Tilak was tried a number of times in the Bombay high Court, but the most famous was his trial for sedition in the 1916 case Emperor v. Bal Gangadhar Tilak.   Justice M. C. Chagla was the first Indian permanent Chief Justice of Bombay High Court after independence [1948 – 1958