British Schools in England teach distorted past colonial history to hide the darker side! - 03

East India Co rule.

In the first two posts on the distorted colonial history being taught in British schools and undergraduate courses in England, it is emphasized that the young Britons are not aware of the brutality in the  British  colonies in the past centuries and the true historical facts related to the  growth and expansion of the empire. 

East India Co rule in India

Socialist and labor politician  Jeremy Corbyn's  proposal about inclusion of Black history as part of British history in the school curriculum was criticized and opposed by Tom Loughton, conservative MP for East Worthing and Shoreham  (reelected  in 2019)  who said  ''Britain should be proud of its many legacies''

 Tom  Loughton, conservative  MP

What are Britain's legacies  according the honorable MP Loughton? He never mentioned about those British legacies that the country is proud of.  

The British empire was so big the sun had never set on it.  So is the long history of cheating, looting, massacres  and brutality of the Empire with blessing from the British Royalty. The Natural History Museum in London  is  something like a huge den  of Ali Baba and Forty thieves which is a  repository of thousands of  looted stuff from the British colonies. The other museum being the Victoria  and Albert Museum, London.

The following are some of the historical facts that  are the indelible marks of British legacy in the colonies that Britain once controlled: 

Slavery - Selling humans from Africa as commodities by the British traders for gain of personal wealth.

Corruption and nepotism: East India company never failed to follow the divide and rule policy for their profits and they laid the foundation for corrupt practices in the government in India and elsewhere. 

Illegal gratification: Getting commission, expensive gifts such as gold jewelry, etc.,  from the warring rulers in order to  make quick bucks to lead a luxurious  life of Nabobs back in England was a way of life for the early British officials. In the later period, the others followed suite. .

Land grabbing binge: Illegal capture of Indian kingdoms to improve company's or British Crown's  revenues  was a prime motive, Diabolical as it was the cunning moves by  tricky Bobs rendered countless rich  rulers - Indian Maharajahs and Nawabs powerless tools in their hands. Through manipulation, gullible Indian rulers were stripped of their crown and of their rich land with some dole and and funny titles 9bestowed by the crown). The beneficiaries were the British government and the Royal family. 

Doctrine of Lapse under EIC

subsidiary alliance, India under EIC.

Good examples of stratagems conceived by the British are the Doctrine of Lapse introduced by Lord Dalhousie (in force between  1848 and 1856) and the Doctrine of subsidiary alliance (introduced by Lord Wellesley of EIC). see the images.   

The  Industrial Revolution in England in the early and later stages was financed by the vast revenue from the  colonies, in particular,  from the Indian subcontinent

Resorting to brute forces, violence by and imprisonment of weavers by EIC:. They burned  the villages and broke the looms and cut off the weavers' thumb to kill the production of handlooms. Apart, they fixed low prices for the textiles to make them go broke and to vastly improve import of finished textiles from England (cotton was sourced from India during the American Civil wars between the Union and Confederate states in the 18th century.  

Forcing Indian farmers to raise opium plants; To improve their gold / silver reserve for international trade, EIC focused on exporting processed opium to  China.  In 1770s  the British brought many areas in India under opium cultivation in north Indian states and got a large sum by way of tax on one hand and made enormous profits by exporting it to destinations like China.  In mid 1830s the EIC was exporting opium worth 15 million dollars annually, a whooping sum in those days. Indian peasants were compelled to raise opium in their lands which were rendered useless in the later years. The farmers were given far less price for the  opium. produced by them.  Much of the profit went to the company and the Crown in London.  

Producing zombies in China: Excess exports through normal process  and illegal exports of Opium from the Indian harbors to China had a big impact on  the large Chinese population and made  them  opium-dependent, affecting their physical and mental well-being. This caused a couple of Opium Wars with China.,

India's demand for freedom: The Indians had been denied freedom since the early part of the 1900s and freedom protests were subdued with an iron hand by the Crown Administration in the 1900s When the Crown imposed tax on Salt, there was widespread protests across India in 1930s.  

Participation of India in World wars: Indians were forced to take part in the two wars WWI & WW II  in the 1900s. India provided the needed manpower, produced large amount of  arms and ammunition, military uniforms, tents, boots food and other stuff for the wars . The Crown collected money for the wars through heavy taxes from the Indians and the princely states.  In WWI 1.3 million soldiers took part, out of them 74000 died in the battle. In WWII 2.3 million soldiers served, out of them more than 80000 got killed in the battle.  The British promised to free India after the wars, but nothing was done  after them.  Reason; They needed India's huge revenue. Nothing is mentioned in the English school history books about India's role in the crucial wars. Nothing is mentioned in the English school history books about India's role in the crucial wars.

Hindu -Muslim disunity: In 1905, the government under the Crown headed by Viceroy Lord Curzon divided Bengal into Hindu and Muslim sections; this division was revoked after strong protests. Britain also encouraged the formation of the Muslim League of India in 1907.  In 1942, Britain sent an envoy to India, led by the British Labor politician Stafford Cripps (1889–1952), offering future dominion status in return for help recruiting more soldiers. Cripps may have made a secret agreement with the Muslim League, allowing Muslims to opt out of a future Indian state.

Gilgit-Baltistan riddle;  The present POK - The problem was started  by the British military officeWilliam Alexander Brown  based in British controlled India. He instigated the Muslims in the area under the  Gilgit Agency, part of Kashmir  to topple the Hindu ruler Maharajah Hari Singh.  He helped newly formed Pakistan to invade Kashmir in 1948 which became part of the Indian Union. A part of India's Kasmir was illegally occupied by Pakistan. This mess was created by the then senior British officials based in India to further  destabilize the Indian subcontinent. 

India-Pakistan partition 1947 : In one sitting in 1947, Cyril Radcliffe  drew the border between India and the newly created state of Pakistan. This splitting along the religious line  was done without any proper planning and the newly drawn map officially published with countless errors on the western border. The late publication of  official India Pakistan (west)  map caused chaos and mayhem among  already  uprooted several million  million Hindus, Sikhs and others in Pakistan. This was followed by sectarian violence between two communities resulting in the loss of a few million people. Last gov. Gen. Lord Mountbatten oversaw this unfolding  tragedy without any remorse and was highly criticized by the media for his poor administration. 

The British Museum and the loots: The popular British Museum  in the Bloomsbury area of London, UK  is a public institution dedicated to human history, art and culture.  it is home to  permanent collection of some eight million works and is among the largest and most comprehensive in existence; widely sourced during the era of the British Empire. There are countless several centuries old historical artifacts from India on display here.   About looted expensive antique  jewels and gemstones from India according to one Sanghera,“Our museums and the royal family are in possession of billions of pounds worth of Indian loot. It was a systematic part of colonial rule. The royal family was given the king’s share of that loot.

The British has no history or proud legacy of mixed culture without colonies and slavery.