Memorial for ''Colin Campbell'' of EIC Army - In 1857 revolt he killed Indian rebels by blowing before cannons!!

Colin Campbell statue, waterloo. /

memorial of army man Colin Campbell

Campbell  statue, Waterloo. , base of the pedestal

Above images:  Statue in Waterloo, UKA bronze standing figure of the Commander-in-Chief of India (during the Mutiny), set on a tall circular granite pedestal with a bronze figure of Britannia seated on a lion. 
The plaque in Waterloo, England reads as follows... "Colin Campbell Field Marshall Lord Clyde Born 1792 Died 1862". Colin Campbell (born Colin MacIver) was a British Army officer from Glasgow who led the Highland Brigade in the Crimean War and was in command of the ‘Thin red line’ at the battle of Balaclava.  Created by Carlo Marochetti  it was erected in Waterloo Place in London in 1867. 

 Lord Clyde is shown wearing the informal uniform of patrol jacket, corduroy breeches, and high boots. The coat is buttoned only at the throat, with hunting boots. An old-fashioned cavalry sword, supposedly given to him by Lord Hardinge, hangs from his belt. A telescope case hangs from a strap at his side and he carries in his left hand a solar helmet of the type which he had recommended for use by the Indian Army. The statue stands on a cylindrical pedestal on a square base. Upon a lower granite base projecting in front of this is a female figure personifying Victory, seated on the back of a couchant British lion.

Statue of Colin Campbell, Glasgow.

Statue of Clin Campbell, Glasgow,

Above images:  State in Glasgow, Scotland, UK. created in George Square in Glasgow Statue of Clyde by John Foley  (1818-74) ; unveiled in 1868,  ''A memorial in honor of " army commander Colin Campbell, Field Marshall  who liberated Lucknow from the rebel Indian soldiers in March 1858''. 

statue of Campbell, Glasgow,
EIC Sr. Army man  Campbell is standing by the stump of a palm tree, in loose campaign attire, with brimmed hat in one hand, telescope in the other, and sword at his side. He looks sturdy and stout-hearted, "with that mixture of grimness and care and eminent intelligence" in his face, for which he was known in life (qtd. in McKenzie 137). The statue depicts  his young age while his additions  indicate the later, Indian phase of his career, which received severe criticisms. Critics wanted his statue moved out to some other place from the public glare.

Storming the Sikandar Bagh, Lucknow, 16

Ruined Sikandar Bagh, Lucknow,

Above image; Heavily damaged Sikandar Bagh after the Slaughter of 2,000 Rebels by the 93rd Highlanders and 4th Punjab Regiment. First Attack of Sir Colin Campbell in November 1857, Lucknow. Albumen silver print, by Felice Beato, 1858.  Second attack took place in March 1858  on the outskirts of Lucknow. the first one  was the scene of intense fighting in November, 1857. Following the action, the British dead were buried in a deep trench but the Indian corpses were left to rot. Later, the city had to be evacuated and was not recaptured until March 1858 and it was shortly afterwards that Felice Beato  probably took this photograph. As one contemporary commentator described it: "A few of their [rebel] bones and skulls are to be seen in front of the picture, but when I saw them every one was being regularly buried, so I presume the dogs dug them up." A British officer, Sir George Campbell, noted in his memoirs Beato's presence in Lucknow and stated that he probably had the bones uncovered to be photographed.

However, William Howard Russell of The Times recorded seeing many skeletons still lying around in April 1858 Photographic views of Lucknow taken after the Indian Mutiny, The image was taken by Felice Beato, a Corfiote by birth, who visited India during the period of the First War of Indian Independence; possibly  commissioned by the War Office in London,  He made documentary photographs showing the damage to the buildings in Lucknow following the two sieges. It is known that he was in Lucknow in March and April of 1858 within a few weeks of the capture of that city by British forces under Sir Colin Campbell. His equipment was a large box camera using 10" x 12" plates which needed a long exposure, and he made over 60 photographs of places in the city connected with the military events. Beato also visited Delhi, Cawnpore and other 'Mutiny' sites where he took photographs.

Ruined front of the Lucknow Residency,1858

Colin Campbell by Thomas Jones Barker 1860/

Campbell never married, or fathered any children, was ruthless when dealing with the natives  who raised their voice against unjust rule, Filed Marshal Campbell   never failed to oversee   cruel punishment  meted out to rebelling soldiers. One of his favorite punishments  exclusively  reserved for the Indian natives is firing them from a cannon after forcing them to lick blood. Blowing with the gun , the most excruciating punishment common during the 1857 great rebellion by the Indian soldiers. Filed Marshal Campbell  thought this kind of punishment would instill fear among the natives and  they won't protest against them. During these operations his men committed many indiscriminate reprisals against Indians in response to the mutineers earlier massacres of Europeans and Christians In March 1858  at Lucknow more than  700 (official figure) rebels were merciless ly killed. 

For his services in the conflict during the 1857-58 war of independence, he was ennobled as Lord Clyde in 1858. After returning home the following year, Campbell received the thanks of both Houses of Parliament and a pension of £2,000 a year. In 1862, he was promoted to field marshal -  perhaps for having killed Indian natives  in a large numbers  by blowing into pieces before  heavy cannons or hanging them. He instructed his soldiers to let the bodies rot in the gallows or on the post so that it could  serve  act as deterrence to others who wanted freedom from  the British yoke!!,_1st_Baron_Clyde#/media/File:Image Secundra_Bagh_after_Indian_Mutiny_higher_res.jpg