Sudarshana Chakra - 20 interesting facts

Sudarshana, Mystical disc.

Among the various forms of Mahavishnu, Sri Sudarshasan Perumal is believed to be  first among the  protectors of  devotees  who repose confidence in him.  Sri Vishnu, one of the Trinity Gods in charge of protection and sustenance of people is armed with Sangu (conch), chakra (mystical disc), gatha or mace,etc.. Foremost of his weapon is Sudarshana Chakra.   

Sudarshana Chakra.

The following are some interesting facts about Sudarshanar:

01. His star  is Chittha  and Sri Sudarshana Jayanthi is  celebrated in July in the month of Sravana on that star. 

02. Worshiping  in that month will give devotees peace of mind and prosperity. 

03. The star Chithra is also the star of Sri Rama, chanting Rama Naman will give you inner peace and confidence. 

04. Performing special puja -  Nava kalasa snapana  and later Sita Rama Kalyanam is a great religious undertaking.  Sudarshana will assume power from Sri Vishnu to drive out  all evil forces and negativity.

Sri Vishnu with Chakra (mystical disc) /

Above image: Asthapuja Peruma temple, Kachipuram, TN...........

05. Lots of people perform Sri Sudarshana Homam besides other homams as part of a family function or a religious ceremony or opening a new business.  

06. The conduct of Sudarshana homam will  protect the devotees from evil eyes, evil forces, etc and gives them sustained protection agaist any impending hardship in the future. The belief is Sri Sudarshanar will never fail to protect the devotees of Sri Vishnu.  impact of evil eyes and gives us God’s grace. Sri Sudarshana always stands first in protecting the devotees of Lord Vishnu. 

07. At Kumbakonam at the Chakra Theertham, acceding to the Hindu  mythology, God Brahma, after ablution did yagam invoking Sri Vishnu. The Chakara appeared from the pathala loka and in the center of the resplendent chakra Sri Narayana (Vishnu) gave Darshan to Brahma. This is the reason why Sri Vishnu is worshiped as Chakrapani in the Chakrapani temple here, one of the prominent Divayadesam shrines. 

08.  At any  Perumal temple  it is a must to worship Chakrathazwar in the shrine. Devotees may miss Narashimha Perumal behind his idol. But if they go  round the sanctum, they can see the image of Narashimhar on the back of Chakratazhwar. 

09. Going round the sanctum in that Sannidhi clockwise and praying to both  Sudarshanar (Chakrathazhwar) and Narashimhar is equal to worshiping  four vedas, Ashta Laksmi, Pancha boothas (five natural elements) and eight geographical directions. 

10. When Vishnu took the avatar of Narasimhan to slay demon king  Hirayakasipu, on his lap on the front entrance (neither inside nor outside and  at a particular time (neither night nor day), he ferociously tore him apart using his long nails. It is said Sri Sudarshhana turned into long, sharp nails. It implies he is a protector of his devotees against evil forces. 

11. The reason why countless Hindus keep saligram stones in their Puja room is Sri Sudarshana is in them with all his mighty powers. 

12. Yet another mythological event is when Vishnu came down to Earth in the guise of a dwarf (Vamana avatar) to get rid of king Mahabali's arrogance, Vamana demanded  three strides of land only from the king.  The Guru of demons Sukrachariar warned Mahabali about the impending danger and told him  Vamana was actually Sri Mahavishnu. Unmindful of the warning Mahabali took his kamandala to pour theertha to grant the wish. Guru Sukracharyar this time took the form of a small beetle and plugged the hole in the spout to save thedemon king. . Sage Vamana took the Dharbha grass and unplugged the hole in the kamandala to fulfil the wish. Sukracharyar lost one of his eyes. It is said the darbha grass was ''Sudashana''. 

13. There is a separate shrine for the Chakratazhwar in the following temples; Ranganathar temple, Srirangam, Varadaraja Peruma temple, Kanchi, Azhgar temple near Madurai, Kalameha Perumal temple, Thirumozhur., etc. There is also a small Sannidhi for Sudarshanar at Sri Rama temple at Mariammankovil near Thanjavur. (Here the huge moolavar images are made from Saligram stone gifted by Nepal Maharajah to the Maratha Maharajah at Thanjavur. 

14. The other temples popular for Sri Sudarshana Chakra are: Thuravur (Alappuzha, Kerala) Narasimha temple with two sanctum. Here, both  Narasimha and Sudarshana are the main deities. Sreevallabha Temple, Thiruvalla where Sudarshana is worshipped with Sreevallabha (Vishnu) in the sanctum.  Narayanathu Kavu Sudarshana Temple, Triprangode, Kerala. The Chakraperumal shrine inside the Simhachalam Temple in Andhra and  is home to the rare 16-armed form. The one with 8 arms is benevolent and is the form generally found in Vishnu's temples.  Veeraraghava Swamy Temple, Thiruevvul; Ranganathaswamy Temple, Srirangapatna

15. Sudarshna Azhwar has three eyes 16 arms, each carrying a weapon with agni as his hair on the head.. He is personification of  victor over the dark  forces. 

16. Sudarsana Azhwar protects devotees from  evil tantric effects of black magic  traditionally referred to as billi, soonyam and so on. 

17. Worshing Sri Sudarshanar will help devotees free from fear and act of evil elements around them. Saturdays and Wednesdays are the most auspicious days to offer prayer to Sri Sudarshana, an integral part of God Vishnu.

18. The Sudarshan Chakra is the divine  and invisible weapon of Lord Vishnu, the god of preservation. The holy discus consists of two discs rotating in opposite directions with each disc having innumerable  sharp spikes on its edges. According to the Linga Purana, Lord Shiva gave Vishnu this weapon.

19. Various Pancharatra texts describe the Sudarshan chakra as prana, Maya, kriya, shakti, bhava, unmera, udyama and saṃkalpa.  ,

20. ''The Sudarshana manifests in 5 main ways to outwit the 5 Shaktis, which are creation, preservation, destruction, obstruction, and obscuration; to free the soul from  bondage which produces vasanas causing new births; so as to make the soul return to its natural form and condition which she shares with the supreme lord, namely, omnipotence, omniscience, omnipresence''.