The Attingal riot of 1721, Kerala earliest revolt for freedom against the corrupt East India company

The Attingal riot of

Do you have any idea about  when and where the first rebellion against the racist and corrupt East India company and their dominance had taken place?  

This earliest rebellion  had superseded revolts by Rani Velu Nachiyar (3 January 1730 – 25 December 1796) of Sivaganga estate of Tamil Nadu from c. 1780–1790 and   the first Indian queen to have waged war with the East India Company, Veerapandiya Kattabomman, an 18th-century Palayakarrar and king of Panchalankurichi in TN who was hanged to death on 16 October 1799 and the Vellore mutiny, or Vellore Revolution, that occurred on 10 July 1806 - a large-scale and violent mutiny by Indian sepoys against the East India Company, 

Attingal, Kerala.

Way back in 2017 -HRD minister Prakash Javadekar said  The Paika rebellion  of 1817 took place far before 1857 and should be included  in the history book as the earliest independence strike in India  as it  occurred far before the first war of independence of 1857 that snowballed into a hell-bent rampage  from Meerut city cantonment. Historians approved that it 1957 revolt  was the earliest  rebellion for  independence in India.

Soon  in the same year the Kerala Charithra Samrakshana Samithi  gave a rebuttal saying  several rebellions in South India prior to 1817 took place.  Unfortunately such early revolts in the 1700s  went unnoticed or overlooked.   As a matter of fact, before 1817 at least there were four rebellions in Kerala alone  against foreign ruler, three in Travancore alone.  The southern kingdoms of Kochi, Malabar and Thiruvananthapuram saw violent upheavals  prior to 1817 against the diabolical and manipulative English company who wanted to control both north and south Kerala, including the Malabar region.  

The Attingal riot of April–October 1721 resulted in the murder of 133 British while thousands of British soldiers were killed in Kerala.This incident took place  following siege of Fort Anjengo. The main reason behind the resentment during the reign of Rani Aswathi Tirunal Umayamma (1677-1684), was due to large-scale corruption and  manipulation of black pepper prices by the company.

 Kerala Varma Pazhassiraja’ led several revolts against the British from 1795 to 1805. The Nair brigade mutiny in 1804 in Travancore  was  yet another violent protest against the British who forced the ruler to impose higher taxes and burden the people. foreign invaders.

In 1809 the violent rebellion against the British,  who interfered in the internal matter of the royal family by Travancore diwan Veluthampi Dalava resulted in the death of hundreds. 

According to historian Gopikrishnan  the 1721 Attingal rebellion has all the needed data and record to prove it was the  first major independence movement in India, surpassing others including the 19th century  Paika rebellion (Paika Bidroha) that was against new fresh tax hike by the British in Odisha. It was led by Bakshi Jagabandhu Bidyadhar, forcing the English company  to withdraw taxes.

There are several books  that provide solid proof for the riots that happened. Mention may be made of T P Sankarankutti Nair’s book ‘Veluthampi Dalava Charithra Thaalukaliloode’, Shankunni Menon’s ‘Thiruvithankoor Charithram, R B Chowdhary’s ‘Civil Disturbance in India’, and G Krishnan Nadar’s book ‘Nair Brigadinte Charithram, etc.’ 

Will the central government rewrite the early history of freedom struggle  as the Indian history written several decades ago is full of holes and the history writers then did injustice to south Indian ruling dynasties, freedom struggle, etc?. New history book should include many northern ruling dynasties of past era and many freedom struggle events left out in the old history book.