Youth Bhagat Singh who kissed the noose before execution, British India

execution of Bahgat Singh.24 March, 1931.

Statues of Bhagat Singh, Rajguru and Sukhdevnear

In India's freedom struggle, scores of people across the  Indian subcontinent sacrificed their lives during the British rule to free India from their unjust rule. Unmoved and undeterred, the British Crown had never loosened their grip on India until August 1947 . Mind you, they stealthily entered India as mercantile traders in 1600s. For the mighty British, India was the major source of revenue and they were enjoying prosperity at the expense of downright exploitation of India and its vast resources. So, it was quite natural the very idea of  freedom of India was anathema to the British rulers, particularly to those who owed their allegiance to the Tory party.

 Revolutionaries Lala Lajpat Rai ,Chandra Shekar Azad  snd  Bhagat

Among the India's freedom fighters, Bhagat Singh (27/28 September 1907 – 23 March 1931) was one of a few young patriots; driven by the zeal of patriotism, he actively participated in many freedom struggles. He was bold and courageous  right from his early age  and was considered to be one of the most influential revolutionaries of the Indian independence movement. Often referred to as "Shaheed Bhagat Singh", the stories of his courage and patriotism became an inspiration for many  young people  who wanted to see  ''Free India.''   .  Shaheed Bhagat Singh's ("Shaheed" meaning "martyr) memory continues to inspire the youth and many poems and songs have been written about his  daring exploits, courage and unalloyed patriotism.

Headed the commission -Sir John Simon

Bhagat Singh, who born on September 27, 1907 in the village Banga of Layalpur to Mata Vidyavati and Sardar Kishan Singh. Bhagat  grew up in a patriotic environment as his father and uncle, were great freedom fighters and jailed on  many  occasions by  the British. As the freedom struggle against the British was on during his early days since then he had developed patriotism  and was very much troubled by the fact that Indians were not enjoying the freedom as they were ruled ruthlessly by the foreigners. Bluntly speaking since his early age he had not cherished the idea of Indians under the yoke of British rule. No doubt he became a prominent member in  the Hindustan Socialist Republican Association (HSRA) in 1928 that had  important members like Ram Prasad Bismil, Chandrashekhar Azad and Ashfaqulla Khan. He was very hopeful one day India would get freedom and the people would be free like flocks of birds.

 Shaheed Sardar Bhagat Singh Famous Quotes

The massacre at Jallianwala Bagh on April 13, 1919 bothered him a lot because it was the worst massacre in British history and all the victims were unarmed and did not make any provocation.When Bhagat  was barely12 years old, terribly frustrated by the mass killings at Jalianwala Bagh under the direction of Brigadier General Dyer on April 13, 1919 he went  straight to Amritsar, where he kissed the earth and brought back home a little of the blood soaked soil.

In February 1928, a committee from England visited India headed by Simon  (1873-1954) It came to be known as ''the Simon Commission''. The purpose of the committee's India visit was to decide how much freedom and responsibility could be given to the people of India. Indian leaders wanted full freedom, not freedom in piecemeal. The most disgusting part of the commission was all the members were British and there was not even a single Indian to represent the huge sub-continental people. Following this in many parts of India, there were agitations by the people and in one voice the people protested ''Simon go back'' In some places the agitation turned out to be violent, causing greater confusion and violence. The commission  visited Lahore on 30 October, 1928,  Lala Lajpat Rai, a great patriot and freedom fighter led a protest march against the commission. One James Scot, Police Chief ordered lathi charge on the rioting crowd. Rai  was severely hurt in the brutal  police lathi (baton) charge  and he died a few weeks later. Doctors claimed the lathi charge on Rai hastened his death. The British Raj, however,  dismissed it as rubbish.  Bhagat Singh and Rajguru shot and killed the British Officer one Sanders who had hit Lala Lajpat Rai and was responsible for his death. This was done to avenge the British officer  and this way he and his friend became vigilantes. They eluded efforts by the police to capture them  and they were  at large for some time.

The British Government wanted to place  in April, 1929 before the central  Legislative Assembly two important bills that could harm Indians and the country's interest. The viceroy had enormous veto powers and even if the assembly could reject the bill, Viceroy could invoke his special powers that would see the easy passage of the bills. When Bhagat Singh and another freedom fighter Batukeshwar Dutt came to about the intention of the British, they just wanted to create panic and fear among the British administrators and it was not their intention to hurt people. The very idea of throwing a bomb in the assembly was to impress on  the British that they  should not pass bills in the assembly that would be very much against the interests of India. Bhagat Singh and  Batukeshwar Dutt, as planned,  threw two bombs along with leaflets inside the assembly. As expected by them, both  were arrested soon after this attack. 

While in jail, Bhagat Singh  gained nation-wide support  and publicity when he under took a 116-day fast in jail, demanding equal rights for European prisoners and those Indians imprisoned for political reasons.  During this time, a Special Tribunal  produced sufficient evidence  against him for a conviction in the Saunders case. An appeal at the Privy Council in England also went against him. He was convicted and subsequently hanged for his participation in the murder of officer Sanders. On 24th of March 1931 Bhagat Singh walked up to the hanging rope kissed it and put it around his neck to be hanged. 

In their trial Bhagat Singh and Batukeshwar Dutt stated, "If the deaf are to hear, the sound has to be very loud. When we dropped the bomb, it was not our intention to kill anybody. We have bombed the British Government. The British must quit India and make her free."
Bhagat Singh became "Shaheed Bhagat Singh" or Martyr at the age of 23. Baghat Singh was too young to die as a freedom fighter. He has made a permanent niche in the heart of every patriotic Indian across India and will live  ever in the heart of people of future generation as well.  

The great patriot Bhagat Singh is commemorated with a large bronze statue in the Parliament of India, New Delhi as well as a range of other memorials.

Ray, Shreya (20 January 2012). "The lost son of Lahore". Live Mint. Retrieved 30 January 2012.
Rana, Bhawan Singh (2005a), Bhagat Singh, Diamond Pocket Books (P) Ltd., ISBN 978-81-288-0827