The Tomb of Mogul princess Roshanara Begum, Delhi - she turned spiritual after her past unethical life!!

tomb of Roshanara begam, Delhi. wikipedia common org

tomb of Roshanara Begum, Delhi wikiwand org.

tomb of Roshanara Begum, Delhi.  wikipedia common org.
Though she was smart and talented in poetry and other aspects,  Roshanara Begum  had a soft corner for her younger brother Aurangzeb and  gave him full support when there was a tassel among the brothers   over the  succession  to the covetous Mogul throne. She even went to the extent of spying  regularly  on Dara Shikoh, the legal heir to the throne. In the wake of confusion and fight among his sons,  father Shah Jahan became ill  in 1657.  This resulted in the killing of his brother, most  popular Dara Shikoh,  by Aurangzeb and imprisonment of his aged father.  Dara was supported by Shah Jahan's eldest daughter. 
lattice window tomb of  Roshanara Begum,  

Roshanara Begum d/o emperor Shahjahan

Above image: Roshanara Begum  3 September 1617 – 11 September 1671), a Mughal princess was  the second daughter of Emperor Shah Jahan and his wife, Mumtaz Mahal.  She is best known for the building of her garden Roshanara Bagh in Delhi where her  tomb lies in the middle. The garden is itself laid out according to the pattern in which Paradise (jannat) is believed to be laid out (the same layout was used by Shah Jahan while building the Taj Mahal). The baradari (named so because of the twelve arches in the structure) was built originally by Roshanara Begum in the 1650s as a pleasure garden for herself. She built the nice building as a pleasure garden, but the fate had a different plan. she found a resting place for eternity after her death in 1671............

After ascending the throne in 1658 upon murdering his own 
brother in public, ruler Aurangzeb  gave the title of  Padshah
Begum to  Roshanara for her  support in the struggle. It is said, Roshanara  had been been the mastermind behind  Aurangzeb's  accession to the Mogul throne. This made her become the  First Lady of the Mogul Empire and a powerful woman. In the later years, her relationship with her elder sister and also Aurangzeb  soured. She was fond of gold and began abusing  special power.  In her early years she was over pampered  and was  disrespectful to her mother and even minorities in the harem, Hindu or Christian girls. Frequently, she was haunted by her wrong political action and its implications. When Aurangzeb publicly  beheaded his  elder brother Dara, she was unmoved.  Roshanara  was the one who had Aurangzeb   send the bloody severed head of Dara to Emperor Shah Jahan (who was in prison). The great emperor, upon seeing his son's severed head, felt horror and swooned.  Later years, Roshanara   moved away from Mogul politics and had a palace built and spent her time peacefully. She remained single through out her life. Once unjust, hot headed and corrupt, she had a painful death  in 1671 at the age 54.  It is said she was poisoned by Aurangzeb because of her sexual overtures with  a secret lover  in the place; the emperor himself had his elder sister body interred there in the place where she  had resided.  
Her palace in the middle of the Roshanara garden is a reminder of the crucial, cunning  and diabolical role she played in the history
of India.  This garden was designed and commissioned  by 
herself in 1650s.  At the same time Shah Jahan was building Shahjahanabad.
tomb of  Roshanara Begum
Above image: Mogul prince Roshanara Begum's tomb, Delhi - Place she lay buried

Roshanara Begum, tomb, Delhi.  wikipedia common org

Above  image top:  A simple grave  in  Hazrat Nizamuddin's durgah,  Delhi of Roshanara Begum, daughter of Mogul ruler Shah Jahan  and the builder of the Taj;   tomb is enclosed within marble screens of lattice work.  Daily  offering of rose petals on the grave.........

Today, however, Roshanara is best remembered for the Roshanara Bagh, a pleasure garden located north-west of the walled city. . With the passage of time, only two buildings have survived. - a central pavilion or baradari and an entrance gate. The original char bagh became  an English garden and the pavilion that once stood is no more intact.

 The bagh - garden can be entered through  the remains of the original gateway that is finished in lime plaster  with damaged fine glazed tiles, a typical Mogul feature. A channel runs all the way from the gateway to the pavilion  and it is said that there must have existed some water fountains to enhance the beauty of the garden.
Standing at the end of  a square pool, the building can be accessed from two sides. The pool that is  decorated with sculpted kangura pattern on its edges  makes the  well proportioned pavilion look majestic; the bulbous columns of the arcade are typical of  late Shahjahani design. Like Shalimar Bagh, it is  decorated with Lakhori bricks and sandstone and covered with lime plaster decorations. Light painting in lime paster is noticed on the interior. 

Roshanara’s grave is in the center of this pavilion in an enclosure created by four marble screens with jali (screen with ornamental patterns) work, but is an open grave now, only covered with earth, the marble cenotaph ismissing, may be stolen sometime in the past. The original shape of the  Roshanara garden was obliterated when the British converted part of it as the English garden. 

In the later years, burdened by sins, misdeeds and accessory to the murder of her brother Dara, Roshanara turned to spirituality . Initiated to Qadiriyya branch of Sufism  by Mullah Shah Badakhshi of Lahore, in the later years she became a follower of the Chisti saints Nizamuddin Auliya of Delhi and Kwaja Moinuddin Chisti of Ajmir. The Mogul princess wrote a biography on the Sifi saint of Ajmir. She lived in many places, Delhi, Lahore, Agra and other places. 
She was the favorite daughter of Shahjahan and she loved her father very much. In a moment of aberration she went against her father Shah Jahan in support of Aurangzeb.  After her father's imprisonment in 1658, she took care of him till his death eight years later.  Unmarried Roshanara  died  on 6 Sept, 1681 at the age of 67. Aurangzeb gave her  a posthumous  title ''Mistress of the Age''  (Shazibat-ul-Zamani). Her tomb is in the Hazrat Nizamuddin Durgah complex, Delhi. 
Being pious,   every year  she used to send roughly 2000 pounds of rice to Mecca and Medina through her ship called  ''Shahibi'', an ocean going ship built on her personal order.  When treacherous Aurangzeb imposed tax on non-Muslims like Hindus, she vehemently protested against it and told him this would alienate him  from majority Hindus and later it would weaken him as a strong ruler. 
Being ruthless, despotic and a war monger in the later years, Aurangzeb's treasury ran out of money and he laid the foundation for the fall of Mogul rule in India.