India's old historical colonial universities/institutions (1800) - 02

This is the second part of  of the  post on India's old colonial institutions. and all of them are functioning now of course, some with a different name.  For examples  some  early colonial  colleges became universities. St. John's College  of Agra, Uttar Pradesh established in 1850  is now  part of the Dr. Bhim Rao Ambedkar University which was earlier  known as Agra University. Muir college became part of Allahabad university. Part of Madras, Tamil Nadu  became Anna University. Roberts college of Jabalpur became the Govt. college of science and art.. 


Aligarh Muslim University  

 Estd.: 1875

Aligarh Muslim Univ. Aligarh, UP indiatoday.i

Aligarh Muslim Univ. Aligarh, UP

Aligarh Muslim Univ. Aligarh,

 Aligarh Muslim University (AMU), originally established by Sir Syed Ahmad Khan as Mohammedan Anglo-Oriental College in 1875,  is a public university funded by the Government of India. The Mohammedan Anglo-Oriental College became Aligarh Muslim University in 1920. With the main campus of AMU in the city of Aligarh, UP,  the university is on a vast land comprising  467.6 hectares.  It has three off-campuses across India – at Malappuram (Kerala), Murshidabad (West Bengal) and Kishanganj (Bihar). The  AMU offers more than 300 courses in both traditional and modern  subjects and admission is open to all. It has special status and is an Institute of National Importance.

Established as Madrasatul Uloom Musalmanan-e-Hind in 1875, it began functioning on 24 May 1875. Syed Ahmad Khan, an  Anglo–Indian statesman  started, the Muhammadan Anglo Oriental College  after having already established two schools. It was the precursor to AMU. The movement of Muslim awakening associated with Syed Ahmad Khan  encouraged  Indian Muslims to learn western education and emphasized the importance of  competence in English and “Western sciences” and necessary skills. Hence his  M.A.O. College  was dubbed as  Aligarh Movement. Syed Ahmad Khan,’s  visit to Oxford and Cambridge  changed his perspective on Muslim education which ought be kept abreast of  present advances in sciences and  technology. 

Victoria Gate, AMU. Aligarh,

Aligarh Muslim University logo, India.

With generous funds in the name of Muslim foundation,  the college was started. Initially it was affiliated with the University of Calcutta for the matriculation examination but became an affiliate of Allahabad University in 1885. AMU came up with funds fromHH Sir Mohammad Ali Mohammad Khan and the Aga Khan III. The Aligarh Muslim University Act of 1920 made it a central university. In October 1906  a Girls’ school came up  and later in 1920-1930 a college for women started functioning. A school for the blind was started in 1927 followed by a Medical school in 1928. Now, Aligarh Muslim University is a fully residential university and one of the best in India. with   'A'  grade awarded  by the National Assessment and Accreditation Council (NAAC), Govt. of India.

US News Education World Report in  March 2016    placed Aligarh Muslim University (AMU) above Delhi University and second to Punjab University on their list of overall Best Global Universities rankings. Banaras Hindu University also follows AMU in the list.


University of Calcutta:

Estd.: 1875

1870  University of Calcutta 

Along with Mumbai and Madras, the then Calcutta (now Kolkata) also got a university in 1857. Recognized as a ‘five-star university’ by the University Grants Commission and the National Assessment and Accreditation Council. It is said, every part  of this university is   filled with nostalgia for its alumni.

Univ. of Calcutta.

Seal of the University of Calcutta.

 The University of Calcutta (also  known as Calcutta University or CU) , a public state university located in Kolkata (formerly Calcutta), West Bengal, India  was established on 24 January 1857. The Syndicate of this University started functioning in 1858.   It has the honor of being the first institution in Asia to be established as a multidisciplinary and secular Western-style institution. It is one of the best institutions with 5 star status in India This university is associated with  five Nobel laureates  including Ronald Ross, Rabindranath Tagore,  Sir. C. V. Raman and Amartya Sen. Innumerable freedom fighters were alumni of this hoary institution started by the British India after the take over from the EIC.

University of

Initially its affiliated institutes covering an area from Lahore to Rangoon (now in Myanmar), by far the largest of any Indian university ever’.

‘The first Chancellor and Vice-Chancellor of the Calcutta University were Governor General Lord Canning and Chief Justice of the Supreme Court, Sir James William Colvile, respectively.

Endowed with one of the best libaries across India the university library has over one million books and more than 2,00,000 journals, proceedings and manuscripts.

Presently, the university has 65 departments and 14 campuses spread across  the city of Kolkata and its adjacent semi urban areas

The first medical school in Asia, Calcutta Medical College, established in 1835 got affiliated to this university in 1857.


University of Allahabad University:

Estd.: 1887

U of Allahabad, Allahabad, UP

The University of Allahabad, informally known as Allahabad University, is a public central university.  Located in Allahabad city, Uttar Pradesh, India, it was established on 23 September 1887. It is the fourth oldest University in India and owes its origin to  the Muir Central College (founded in 1872 by William Muir), named after Lt. Governor of North-Western Provinces. Later he became the Lt. Gov. of the United provinces(Part UP).  Sir William Muir in 1876,  evinced keen 

U of Allahabad, Allahabad,

U of Allahabad, Allahabad,

Above image: The Allahabad building' architect was  William Emerson, who also designed Victoria Memorial in Kolkata and Crawford Market in Mumbai in a combination of Indo-Saracenic, Egyptian and Gothic styles..................................

U of Allahabad

interest in starting  a central university to benefit the students of this region,  which later became what is now called Allahabad University. This historical institution is dubbed as  the “Oxford of the East” .On 24 June 2005 its Central University status was restored through the University Allahabad Act 2005 of the Parliament of India.

The foundation stone of the Muir Central College was laid by Governor-General of India, Lord Northbrook on 9 December 1873 and it was  named after Sir William Muir, Lt. Governor of United Province, who was instrumental in starting this institution. It’s architect was William Emerson, who also designed Victoria Memorial in Kolkata and Crawford Market in Mumbai, using a combination of Indo-Saracenic, Egyptian and Gothic styles.


University of Allahabad seal, India

It, in the beginning, functioned under the University of Calcutta and later on 23 September 1887, the University of Allahabad was established, making it the fourth university established in India. It was  an affiliating and examining body for graduate and postgraduate degrees with emphasis on classical orientation and the responsibility for secondary education as well. In 1904, the university  introduced its own  teaching departments and also doctoral research programs.  The Lieutenant-Governor, Sir John Hewett, in 1912 opened the University Senate Hall.  With the promulgation of the ‘Allahabad University Act of 1921’, the Muir Central College merged with the university,  and became part of the university.  In the  following  few years, its affiliated colleges were transferred to Agra University and the responsibility  of conducting secondary-level examinations was relocated elsewhere.

Stalwarts such as Motilal Nehru, Chandra Sekhar, Madan Lal Khurana and Saiyid Nurul Hasan were the alumni of this historical university.