Ghantaghar, colonial clock house, Meerut city (home of English company's largest garrison)

India's  freedom struggle is intertwined with Meerut city of Utter Pradesh which had the second largest East India Company garrison. it was in this city the first freedom struggle took a big leap (it began in Barrackpore, WB in March 1857) and got the attention of the western countries. In 1803,  after  the fall of Delhi, Daulat Rao Scindia of the Marathas had np choice except to cede   the territory to the British East India Company (EIC) that was on a land-grabbing binge. EIC wanted to have a strong military base in the center part of India and in 1806 the cantonment of Meerut came into being  along with a garrison. Strategically an important place close to Delhi and inside  the rich Ganges – Yamuna fertile place the cantonment grew in size  and became  most vital military stations of India. Meerut became the    headquarters the eponymous district in 1818 and the English prior to that had been developing town to be self-contained in all aspects.   Europeans of many different nationalities other than the British   moved in and made Meerut their home.

Ghantaghar or clock house, Meerut

The Ghantaghar, as the name implies, is a clock house  in the busy place of the city and is a silent remainder of early colonial period under the East India company.  During the early colonial period under the English company several ghanta houses or clock houses came up in northern states and they not only served an important land mark of the town but also helped the common people to know the name of the day. It also stoically  served as a symbol of their authority and dominance in that area. 

Meerut city, Uttar Pradesh.

The big clock imported from England was mounted  on a red-brick colored tower  built in 1814  in colonial architecture. The tower that carries the clock was known as  Kamboh Darwaza and the chowk as  Ghantaghar Chowk; the place was known as Zero Mile Point. The origin of the latter name is not clear. The gate is now renamed as  Subbash Chandra Dwar  The railway station and Modi Nagar can be accessed through this place. The tower and the clock are not well maintained and the tower and the  defective clock were  fixed and brought back to old glory in the recent past.    

Portuguese cemetery and British, Meerut:
A brief note:

Portuguese cemetery,Meerut,

Portuguese cemetery, Meerut,

The oldest existing monument of Meerut cantonment  at Army golf course was in use between the year of it’s establishment and 1810. It was in  the 19th century it came to be known as the Portuguese Cemetery including    a Greek grave that was reported existing  in 1898. 

St. Johns church, Meerut, graveyard

The largest one is the cemetery at St. Johns which is more than 200 years old. It is an English cemetery where there are thousands of graves. Of the 32  British soldiers buried here only nine graves are left behind.  Other British  who were in service between 188s and 1910 were buried here. There is a  large grave stone with hundreds of names carved on it.