Inst. of Science Mumbai designed by ''George wittet''. 1816

During the colonial days many educational institutions came up after 1858; Wilson College 1832, Mumbai and  Elphinstone College (now affiliated to Dr.  Homi Baba Inst) 1823 being oldest in this part. 

Institute of Science, Mumbai

The Institute of Science,  a postgraduate education and research institution of Mumbai with  ''A'' grade accreditation from the NAAC  (since 2014)  has since 2019 been renamed Dr. Homi Bhabha State University.

This institution owes its origin in the colonial period under the Raj and was known as the Royal Institute of Science (RIS) established in 1920 by the Royal Chapter.  The institute  offers PG and doctoral programs in numerous useful and practical  science fields.

The institute is housed in a heritage building  in the Central Business District of Mumbai  right across  Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Museum and close to Churchgate station and  Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (formerly Victoria Terminus)  next to the Oval Maidan (Oval Park), South Bombay.  Standing close to the institute are the Elphinstone College and the Rajbhai Tower of University of Mumbai, the famous Indo-Saracenic structures of this big city. 

Fa├žade, Inst of science,

Central hall dome, int. of sciencce,

Founded by George Clarke, 1st Baron Sydenham of  Combe  the cost of construction of the buildings was met through  private donations. Noted business people of Bombay made contributions -  Sir Cowasji Jehangir donated money for the institute's east wing, the construction of the west flank of the main building was met  by Jacob Sassoon, and the east flank by Sir Currimbhoy Ebrahim, Bt. Vasanji Mulji donated funds for the library.

George Sydenham

Above image:  George Sydenham Clarke, 1st Baron Sydenham of Combe, GCSI,  GBE (4 July 1848 – 7 February 1933) was a British Army officer and colonial administrator.  He served in India as Governor of Bombay between 1907 and 1913. His  statue stands at the entrance Institute of Science College which he founded.  In 1913 he was elevated to the peerage as Baron Sydenham of Combe, of Dulverton in the County of Devon. After retirement in 1930s he became a radical and supported anti-Semitic and fascist causes  and won the ire of a large section of people. .............................. 

The construction work was completed in 1920 though the  foundation stone was laid 9 years before in 1911. The work got delayed then and there due to paucity of funds and delay in getting donations  from private business people.  It was designed by none other than popular Scottish architect George Wittet (1878-1926)  who was not new to Bombay

Scottish architect George Wittet

then. The Gateway of India, Mumbai  is a fine example of his ingenious design style specially adopted for the entry and exit gateway in the Apollo Bunder area.  With John Begg, he developed and popularized the Indo-Saracenic style in architecture in this part. His approach to aesthetic and design style of the government and public buildings was very much similar to that of Robert Chisholm who left his indelible mark in Indo-Saracenic style of design in Madras (Chennai, Tamil Nadu ) and Baroda (Vadadora, Gujarat).

Institute of Science,

The unique feature of the building is  its outer appearance is enhanced by the use of  yellow Kharodi basalt stones mined from  the district of Thane.  The flat central dome of the Cowasji Jehangir Hall and  two curving  impressive facades on each side appear to be in tune with  the 19th century buildings that surround it.,_Mumbai