Famous Baroque style churches of Goa

/Our Lady of the Immaculate Conception Church Panajim.en.wikipedia.org

Above image:  Our Lady of the Immaculate Conception Church Panajim, Goa -The colonial Portuguese Baroque style church first built in 1541 as a chapel on a hill side overlooking the city of Panjim was  replaced by a larger and more spacious  one  in the 1600s in the midst of religious expansion spearheaded by Jesuits. It has the second largest bell  in Goa installed in a bell tower -tall belfry in 1871. It was retrieved from the Augustinian Monastery on Holy Hill. Though not extravagant, interior is  colorful with  two other intricately carved, gold plated and decorated altars on either side of the main altar, thus carrying elements of baroque style. The main altar, with fine  decor, is dedicated to Mother Mary..........

Introduced by the Catholic Church, particularly by the Jesuits, with the main purpose of  combating the Reformation and the Protestant church with a new inspiring design style  called Baroque architecture, it was primarily used in the 17th century CE in Italy. The salient aspect of this design style is it is  highly decorative and theatrical and gradually had become popular across Europe. Between 1625–1675 (high baroque; Church of Santi Luca e Martina) (1635–50;  Hall of Mirrors of the Palace of Versailles and the dome of Les Invalides.) was widely adopted in churches and palaces of Italy, Spain, Portugal, France, Bavaria, etc  and later in 1675–1750 (late Baroque;) , it reached not only Russia but also   the Spanish and Portuguese colonies in Latin America. About 1730, an even more elaborately decorative variant called Rococo appeared and flourished in Central Europe. To get the attention of common people, their emotion and awe, the architects  ingeniously used a combination of contrast, movement, trompe-l'œil and other dramatic and theatrical effects, such as quadratura (Baroque art, especially ceiling paintings). The artist uses perspective and 'foreshortening'' (shortening improves the depth and dimension of paintings) to create, for example, the illusion that the ceiling is open to the sky and peopled by figures such as angels or saints.

Baroque- painting on the ceiling Italy.  en.wikipedia.org

Above image:  Ceiling of the Farnese Gallery by Annibale Carracci (1597–1704)..................

Baroque- painting on the ceiling,Church in Vienna upload.wikimedia.org

Above image:  Illusionistic painting on the ceiling of the Jesuit church in Vienna by Andrea Pozzo (1703)........................
In India the baroque architecture was introduced during the European colonial period, in particular, the Portuguese on the west coast of India in many places of Goa.  Jesuits who accompanied the explorers  were responsible for this neo style in India with a blend of local style.

01.The Basilica of Bom Jesus, Goa: 

Baroque altar The Basilica of Bom Jesus, Goa,

Baroque altar The Basilica of Bom Jesus, Goa,  upload.wikimedia.org

Above image:  The Basilica of Bom Jesus, Goa, India -The Baroque style main altar is gilded and bears the statue of Ignatius of Loyola standing between Solomonic pillars above which is the name of Jesus in the IHS monogram and the Holy Trinity.

Baroque style. The Basilica of Bom Jesus, Goa,en.wikipedia.org

A UNESCO recognized  World Heritage Site in old Goa, it is said to be  one of the Seven Wonders of Portuguese Origin in the World.  India's first minor basilica, established by the Jesuit, it is a good   example of baroque and Portuguese colonial architecture in India.  Consecrated in May 1605 by the archbishop, Dom Fr. Aleixo de Menezes, it holds the mortal remains of  St. Francis Xavier, a very close friend of St. Ignatius Loyola. he was the one who introduced the most treacherous Goa Inquisition for which the Portuguese ruler faced severe criticism, 
02. Basilica of Our Lady of Graces,Sardhana, UP

 Altar Basilica of Our Lady of Graces, Sardhana, UP

the Basilica of Our Lady of Graces,Sardhana, UP,

 Above image: Front view of  Basilica of Our Lady of Graces is a Roman Catholic Church in Sardhana, 19 km north-west of Meerut, Uttar Pradesh.....

Dedicated to Virgin Mary, it was built by Joanna Nobilis, a convert . Her name was Begum Samru, a Muslim Nautch (dance girl) girl of 14 who married a European mercenary soldier Walter Reinhardt Sombre. Samru converted to Roman Catholicism in 1781; only Catholic ruler in India, she  ruled the Principality of Sardhana in 18th and 19th century. The Church is the largest in North India. Architect Antonio Reghellini, an Italian from the city of Vicenza. modeled the church  Tafter  St. Peter's Basilica in Rome with touch of Palladio and some Indian architectural  elements. 

03.The Chapel of Our Lady of the Mount, old Goa:

The Chapel of Our Lady of the Mount,Goa  .tripadvisor.in/

The Chapel of Our Lady of the Mount,Goa en.wikipedia.org

The Chapel of Our Lady of the Mount, a Roman Catholic church dedicated to the Virgin Mary, is in Old Goa, and is one of the oldest churches in the city.  Built between 1510 and 1519  the construction of the church was initiated by Afonso de Albuquerque, the governor of Portuguese India, immediately after the Portuguese conquest of Goa in 1510.  The chapel was completed in 1519 in Baroque style with Mannerist influences (a late Renaissance style emerged in Italy in 1520 CE). The main construction material was  laterite stone. Prior to 2001, the Chapel was in ruins and later was repaired and restored.  


04. St. Jerome Church, Mapusa, Goa:

baroque style altars,St. Jerome Church, Mapusa gogoanow.com

St. Jerome Church, Mapusa,Goa, justdial.com

St. Jerome Church churchtimings.com

St. Jerome Church ( called ‘Sao Jeronimo Igreja em Mapusa, Goa’ in Portuguese is a parish of the Catholic Church in Mapusa, Goa, in the Archdiocese of Goa and Daman. The church with three altars  is built in  an exquisite Baroque style. It has three doors and three windows with round balustrade balconies on each storey in the façade. At the rear of the church is a dome with the bell tower. The roof is made of wooden planks. The Mapusa Church was founded by the Franciscans in 1594 and dedicated to St. Jerome; it was rebuilt in 1674



05.The St. Paul’s Church (Portuguese: Igreja de São Paulo),Diu island, India: 

 Paul’s Church (Portuguese: Igreja de São Paulo),en.wikipedia.org/

The St. Paul’s Church (Portuguese: Igreja de São Paulo) a good example of baroque style is on the Diu Island, west coast of India; now  a Union Territory of India. The design style is similar to the Bom Jesus Basilica at Goa built in 1605 AD. Its interior has elaborate and impressive design with delicate volutes (spiral scroll-like ornament) and shell, besides various pieces of fine wood carvings.  Diu came under  the control of Portuguese colonists in early 16th century. The St. Paul’s Church, named after St. Paul, the Apostle of Jesus also known as the Apostle to the Gentiles is one of the three churches built by the the Portuguese during their occupation.   



06. The Church of St. Anne,  Talaulim, old Goa:

St. Anne, Santana,Talaulim, Goa,aroundgoa.com

Church of St. Anne, Talaulim in Old Goa.

The Church of St. Anne,  Talaulim in the Santana district of Old Goa is a 17th century place of worship  and built in typical Baroque architecture. Commonly  known as  Santana  was  declared  a "national monument" during the Portuguese administration. The church construction work, that  began in 1557 jointly with contribution from some  generous villagers and Mons Francisco do Rego's own funds, at one stage came to a standstill due to lack of additional. Additional construction work  was undertaken by Fr Antonio Francisco da  Cunha  who had the honor of  completing the church work as far back as 1965. It is the largest surviving monument in the whole of  Asia  is  unfortunately in a  state of neglect. It is  being  managed by the ASI (Archaeological Survey of India). The agency must take steps to renovate this old church. 



07. The church of Our Lady of the Snows, Goa

Igreja de Nossa Senhora das Neves and the ruins of the Rachol Fort
Built in the 1560's during the Goa Inquisition, it is  close proximity to the renowned Rachol Seminary. This colonial Portuguese Baroque styled church dedicated to Nossa Senhora das Neves (Our Lady of the Snows) came up on the site of a Hindu temple. The Captain of the Rachol fortress  Diogo Rodrigues who was in charge of contraction destroyed the Hindu temple in including the idol Kamakshi and  completed the work in AD 1565.  Our Lady of Snow Church in Raia celebrates the incredibly popular annual harvest festival on 5th August every year. The first chapel in Goa built by Dominicans Frairs, who accompanied the Portuguese.




08. St. Cajetan Church, Goa:

Cajetan Churchen, Goa wikipedia.org

St. Cajetan Church, also known as the Church of Divine Providence, is a church of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Goa and Daman located in Old Goa. The church was completed in 1661 and is part of the World Heritage Site. Like many churches, this one came up on a Hindu temple site and the walls bear testimony to it. Yet another example of baroque style, it was  modeled on St. Peter's Basilica in Vatican City.   Built in the shape of a Greek cross, it has  seven altars, with the main altar dedicated to Our Lady of Providence. It has a large central dome with Latin inscriptions from the Gospel of Matthew on its inside. The  facade is in Corinthian style and has  four granite statues of Saints Peter, Paul, John the Evangelist and Matthew.