Udumalpet's Colonial District Munsif Court, TN - a heritage site!

Colonial building Udumalpet Munsif court. districts.ecourts.gov.in

East India company that took control over the area what is now called Kongu region, introduced many  offices to augment their land revenue collection and  started a police station with adequate police force to curtail criminal activities. This SW part of Madras Presidency (now Tamil nadu)  saw the opening of a police station and a government office  in Dhali Palayapat in 1775 and later  the first Civil Court in the same place  to handle mounting civil cases Their jurisdiction limit included  Kollaekal (now part of karnataka  to Karur (TN).

Udumalpet, Tirupur dist. TN m.facebook.com

After the long-drawn  first war of independence against the EIC's atrocities, cheating and double game from 1858, the administration of Indian subcontinent was transferred to the British Crown headed by Queen Victoria. In order to make up the misdeeds done by the corrupt English company, Crown Administration introduced many reforms in the areas of Education, land and agriculture and judiciary. 

As for judiciary, proper court  procedures  were introduced and in 1861. District Munsif Court came into being during this period.  The First Register of Case Register was created.and this  office made available to the practising lawyers and others details of cases that were numbered in the years prior to 1861.Accessing the early court cases was made easy by this procedure.  

For administrative reasons the court at Dhali was shifted to Udumalpet.Spanning more than 100 years the streets and lanes where the court functioned were collectively called Old Munsif Court Lane. In the later years in that building Forest Range office was functioning and the said building was pulled down in the recent past 

In  1901, the Udumalpet District Munsif Court was shifted to the present building. In the later years the District Munsif Courts came up at  Coimbatore, Karur, Dharapuram, Palladam, Avinashi, etc to dispose of numerous pending cases.  from the register of the year 1885 we have come to know that during the colonial period  the Tamil language was used as the  official language of those days.

Court registrar's office played a vital role in preserving the details of past court cases, lawyers and the presiding judge, etc. Though the documents were damaged due to poor upkeep, names and details of the Judges who served in this Court were salvaged 

 The historical court successfully completed 150 years of its existence and the building its 100th year.  A special ceremony was held on the 30th January, 2015; an occasion to rejoice the long tradition of the court that began in the late colonial era. 

Madras High Court:

House of 1st justice Ft. St. George, Chennai.upload.wikimedia.org

Above image: Watercolour image "Holy men outside Sir Thomas Strange house." In 1800, Strange became the first Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Fort St. George (Madras), British India........

The present Madras High Court building complex, Chennai  was officially inaugurated on 12 July 1892. Then British India's three presidency towns of Madras (Chennai), Bombay (Mumbai), and Calcutta (Kolkata) were each granted a High Court by letters patent dated 26 June 1862 issued by  Queen Victoria under the authority of the British parliament's Indian High Courts Act 1861. The 3 courts were 
established under British royal charter in contrast with the other high courts, which were established under the Indian Constitution. The Constitution of India recognises the older courts.

The Madras High Court came into being by merging the Supreme Court of Judicature at Madras, and the Sadr Diwani Adalat. The Court  had to   decide cases in accordance with justice, equity and good conscience. The earliest judges included Holloway, Innes, and Morgan.