Kashmere Gate, Delhi, a heritage site where the English company first broke the Delhi siege in 1857

Kashmere gate, Delhi. Indianexpresscom.
Kashmere gate, Delhi en.wikipedia.org

Built by the Mogul Emperor Shah Jahan (January 1592 - 22 January 1666), the Kashmere gate in Delhi got its name because it was  from here the road to Kashmir started. Located in the historic walled city, it forms the northern part,  now a busy  area (old Delhi area) and  the Red fort, Delhi Railway Junction, etc are near-by.  It is one of the 14  original gates of the city survived today.  Made of  brick masonry and covered with plaster,  it is the only  two-bay gate among the  surviving gates. The gate  and  the tall walls  with polygonal squares face the city side. There used to be a deep moat all  around it to prevent the access of enemies to the gate and the adjacent walls. But, the moat has disappeared. 
Cannon ball marks, Kashmere gate, Delhi, 1857.gounesco.comAdd caption
Above image.   Delhi Siege: Cannon-ball marks on the walls adjoining Kashmiri Gate. Kashmiri Gate was heavily bombarded by British artillery positions on the high Northern Ridge.  When  the rebel firepower decreased, batteries were set up at much closer range: at Qudsia Bagh, Old Customs House and Ludlow Castle which maintained round-the-clock bombardment of Delhi’s northern and western walls (https://www.gounesco.com/kashmirigate-a-brief-history)............

When the British had settled down here in 1803, they immediately took action and strengthened the walls of the old city that  were damaged during the siege by  the Maratha  army led by Holkar in 1804.The Marathas  were against the British hegemony  and their army was a force to reckon with. Later the English company  again reinforced the  gate as well as the damaged  walls abutting the gate.    The British gradually  had begun settling down  and set up residential colonies   in the Kashmere gate area. This place once had  beautiful Mogul mansions and palatial houses of nobility. 

The 1957 first war of Independence  that was  started by the frustrated Indian soldiers of the Bengal Cavalry at Meerut Cantonment (here the proportion of Europeans to Indian soldiers was far higher than other places) began to spread like a summer bush fire and it engulfed many parts of northern states. When Delhi was under siege during this revolt, the Kashmere gate gained historical significance.  

It was in the vicinity of this prominent gate, there  ensued  a  tough and fierce  battle between the English army and the rampaging Indian soldiers and others. As already mentioned, the reasons for this revolt  were :  the British atrocities against the natives, ill-treatment of soldiers in the army, exploitation of natural resources  and land owners, dishonesty in business deal, etc -- all these went beyond the limits  of tolerance. The soldiers and others got a chance to let out their pent-up hatred toward  the English domination over them and their native land.

The Indian soldiers assembled near the gate and developed  several plans to resist the English soldiers. The British army needed  further enforcement from near by garrisons like Meerut to deal with the large  siege of Delhi. They got the first break and on the morning of 14  September 1857, the  English army broke open the sturdy gate by breaking the bridge and the left leaf of the gate  using gunpowder.  
This was the first beginning of the final assault on the rebels towards the end of the famous siege of  Delhi.  The existing structure here carries  the  evidence of the  historic struggle that finally ended in favor of the British. After a four-month long bloody siege of Delhi, the British forces  saw victory  on September 14, 1857, The  gate  took the brunt of heavy attack on both sides and suffered  damages. The Kashmere  Gate incident is the silvering in the dark cloud for the British army, a major break through and a symbol of victory. The edit of god could never be changed.  India had to suffer one hundred years more from that time on under the British yoke.
The unfortunate fact is   although both Hindus and Muslims, upper and lower castes fought in the First War of Independence, the wrath of the British Empire fell on  an innocent man  and the Muslims. That man was  the last Mogul ruler  Bahadur Shah Zafar, a fine gentleman who had nothing to do with all the killings going on.  The  Mogul ruler   was ‘captured’ by Major Hodson,  a notorious British officer (who  on 22 Sept, 1957 also killed the other three mogul princes near Khooni Dharwaza)  who brought him back as  prisoner to the walled city Shahjahanabad, now an empty one.  The British  protected those who sided with them.  The British were angry because   the rebels fought under the banner of the Mogul king. The old man  was later banished to Burma where he died in obscurity.  
 In the wake of this worst rebellion,  the administration of India passed  from the East India Company to the Crown. The capture of Delhi from the mutineers was vital to the British due to the city's symbolic importance as the seat of India's Mogul rulers.

siege of Delhi, 1857, Alamyi com

Since this area became a traffic bottleneck, in  1965, a section of the Kashmere Gate was pulled down to allow free flow of vehicular traffic.  However the traffic was not  allowed to pass through it, as it became a protected monument under the ASI - the Archaeological Survey  of Indi .