The British government and Queen Victoria honoring major Hodson who wiped out the moguls in 1857

Though in India major William Hodson was considered a psychopath and mass murderer, back in England, he got a name for his line of duty in India. The British Empire looked upon Hodson as  a great war hero, not withstanding the fact that he committed excess in many places  while trying to curb the rioting mob in 1857.  The empire  faced near failure to retain the rule in India and tried hard  to glorify the  British soldiers who died during the rebellion. 

Prior to  April 1919 Jallianwala  Bagh  massacre   masterminded by Col. Reginald Dyer and  Gov. of  Punjab province  Sir Michael O' Dwyer, ICS  during the Raj,  under the EIC's rule (till 1857-58) military officers like  col. James Neil (butcher of Allahabad), Gen.  Henry Havelock  and major William Raikes Hodson had a free run on the natives and  committed most heinous crimes on the soils of India without any remorse whatsoever..  The latter was  most remembered  and  considered  a celebrated  war hero in  the British Crown administration  because he was the one who in September 1857  apprehended Bahadur Shah Zafar II, the last Mughal king of Delhi,  an old man.  Though the ruler was not part of rioting by enraged  Indian soldiers, the EIC squarely   put the blame on him and accused him of having instigated the riots against the company.  

The following day on 22 September 1857  major Hodson rode to the enemy camp, near Humayun tomb, Delhi   and finally  arrested the Mogul  princes who were  part of the rebellion. While bringing  them back to Delhi near the entrance gate -  Khooni Darwaza,  Hodson  stripped the  young princes naked  and shot them dead point blank. Subsequently their bodies were hung  at Kotwali near Chandini Chowk  and had  the bodies rot in the sun.

In March 1858 in Lucknow, while fighting with the rebels, he was killed and buried on the premises of  La Martini ere College, Lucknow, UP.  Though dogged by financial irregularity, misappropriation of company funds for personal gains  and looting of Indian palaces (kothis)  at last, Hodson returned several thousand pounds ( misused by him) to the EIC's treasury in Calcutta.

Because of perpetual and pre-planned  glorification  back in Britain  he almost became a cult figure and is known for his courage and devotion to duty, though on several occasions  he violated  international military war norms, to the dismay of his colleagues. He was also highly criticized for his intemperate action on the mogul ruler and his heirs. 

 The Prime Minister Earl of Derby, and the Secretary of State for India Lord Stanley on   14 April 1859 in the parliament paid  glowing tribute to Hodson for ending the Delhi siege. Never was he criticized for his  cold  murder of young Indian princes in Delhi  and wiped out the Mogul dynasty in India.


PM of  Britain Earl of Derby,Earl of Derby,

Lord Stanley  said: ''Nothing is more remarkable in glancing over the biography of Major Hodson that has just appeared than the variety of services in which he was engaged........displaying his personal courage and skill as a swordsman in conflict with the Sikh fanatics;  he crowded into the brief space of twelve eventful years the services and adventures of a long life. He died before the reward which he had earned could be received, but he attained that reward which doubtless he most coveted—the consciousness of duty nobly done, and the assurance of enduring military renown."

General Hugh Gough said of Hodson:


Gen. Hugh Gough of British indie army.en.wikipedia.org

Above Image: gen. Huge Gough (14 November 1833 – 12 May 1909)  was a senior British Indian Army officer and a recipient of the Victoria Cross..........................

"A finer or more gallant soldier never breathed. He had the true instincts of a leader of men; as a cavalry soldier he was perfection; a strong seat, a perfect swordsman, quick and intelligent"

The prime minister granted his widow special pension  through  the secretary of state for India in Council,  and declared it was "testimony of the high sense entertained of the gallant and distinguished services of the late Brevet-Major W.S.R. Hodson". 

 Honor from Queen Victoria 1860:

Hampton court near London. .viator.com

Above image:   A grace-and-favour home is a residential property owned by a monarch by virtue of his or her position as head of state and leased, often rent-free, to persons as part of an employment package or in gratitude for past services rendered  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Grace_and_favour ......................

Quite impressed the way Hodson captured the mogul ruler and his princes and the way he went about and saved the honor of Britain,  her Majesty Queen Victoria in 1860 honored Major Hodson  posthumously by granting his widow a Grace and favour apartment at Hampton Court Palace "in consideration of the distinguished service of your late husband in India"Grace & Favour; 

Memorial: 

Memorial in Hampton Cemetery, London  commons.wikimedia.org

Above image:  A large monument to Major Hodson was erected in Lichfield Cathedral, near his father's memorial. It was carved by Thomas Earp to the designs of George Edmund Street.


 The British  society as a whole  considered  their soldiers, diplomats and traders  in the past centuries as   conquerors of   a quarter of the planet’s. The colonial administration was careful and  and censored the news on their atrocities and oppressive rule in the colonies.  They  were brainwashed to   ignore  the unpleasant reality the company and the empire  looted countries like India on a large scale unethically and illegally captured the entire Indian subcontinent . They, without fail, impressed on the world that they were destined to dominate  a fifth of the world’s population as some sort of benevolent ruler with a  mission to bring law, order and free trade to benighted corners of the world.  As  Indian politician Shashi Tharoor said after all the looting, cheating and exploitation they gave the impression that India became a democracy because of their legacy.    George Bernard Shaw once said,  The ordinary Britisher imagines that God is an Englishman.’

In  the recent past  a poll showed that a full 44% of Britons were proud of colonialism, far outnumbering the mere 21% who regretted their country’s dark  imperial past. yet another  disgusting fact is the innorant british societ voted former PM  Winston Churchill, the most famous Briton. . 

https://thewire.in/history/a-beleaguered-britain-takes-comfort-in-nostalgia-for-empire

https://fampeople.com/cat-william-stephen-raikes-hodson

https://navrangindia.blogspot.com/2016/11/william-hodson-killer-of-last-mogul.html