Cannington or 'Civil Lines' of Allahabad, UP - "White Town" of early British Raj where Indians were not allowed

proclamation of Queen
Victoria memorial Allahabad.  n

The history of Allahabad in Uttar Pradesh  in the 19th century was intertwined with the commencement of the direct rule under the British Crown.  Lord Charles Canning, who was the Governor-General of India during the 1857 great rebellion  and a cousin to Queen Victoria, had taken up residence in Allahabad after the end of the rebellion.  Already decision was taken  to put the Indian subcontinent directly under  London after sending the English company back  home for good.  Upon the proclamation of Queen Victoria, on 1st November 1858 which was read by  Lord Canning,  marking the end of the rule of the East India Company in India,  the conquered territories of the Company were officially transferred to the British Crown. Queen Victoria became Empress of India without ever visiting India and Lord Canning her Viceroy. In the local park in Allahabad  set apart by Lord Minto, a Proclamation Pillar (an Epoch-making event) made of marble was raised, on which the busts of Queen Victoria and Edward VII were installed on the orders of Lord Minto in 190

Alfred Park, Victoria

Above image Victoria memorial in Alfred park , Allahabad. The statue of Victoria was removed after independence. The park was built in 1870 (after taking eight long years)  to mark Prince  Alfred's - Duke of Edinburgh's   visit to Allahabad, Covering 133 acres it still  carries the  British legacy though it is named after Chandrasekhar Azad, a great freedom fighter.  It was designed as a leisure park in victorian style for the early british settlers in  this town. It is close to the Muir college of Allahabad univ (founded in 1872), George town and Civil lines or  Cannington .

Cannington / Civil lines;

Gov.Gen. of India Lord Charles Canning

Above image: British statesman and Governor-General of India during the Indian Rebellion of 1857 and the first Viceroy of India after the transfer of power from the East India Company to the Crown of Queen Victoria in 1858 after the rebellion was put down.. It was  Lord Canning  who finally chose to honor  James Neill, "The Butcher of Allahabad" by erecting a statue of him on arterial Mount Road in (then) Madras in 1860. Now called Civil lines, Cannington township in Allahabad was named after him. He took residence in the city................

Allahabad was made the capital of the North Western Provinces in 1858  and  was slowly transformed into a seat of power of the Raj in the initial stages. Thus a new era had began for the city that saw the initial development of  a White town . Well  planned township on a grid-iron pattern under the supervision of Commissioner Cuthbert Bensley Thornhill, this new settlement was  the  largest one then and in the 20th century New Delhi superseded it. British architect Sir Edwin Lutyens (1869–1944), was responsible for much of the architectural design and building during much of the period of the Raj till 1940s..

The part that was was transformed into a seat of power in Allahabad by the British in the early 20th century was called 'Cannington', After Viceroy Canning. Historians claim that  architect Edwin Lutyens planned the sector of power in Delhi, taking inspiration from the plan of Allahabad.

What is now called  Cannington or 'Civil Lines', in Allahabad was the symbol of imperial power in the early stages.  No doubt Allahabad was a booming and flourishing city,  reminiscent of  a European city  with broad, tree-lined avenues, nice public buildings, parks  and proper British bungalows that showcased the  the lavish lifestyle of the Englishmen in Allahabad. The Civil lines also included other Europeans like Germans, Swiss who ran businesses.  It was self-contained white town with parks and theater for entertainment and church/ cathedral  to meet the spiritual needs. No doubt, the Anglicans made beelines to this upcoming British Indian city. 

In the later years what were called  grand stone buildings- housing public offices of the Government Press, Board of Revenue, Auditors Office, High Court and Police Headquarters of the Province were built  on Queen's Road in British Allahabad.

It was  the upper-class central business district of the city and the .Civil Lines came up after the 1857 rebellion in which around 600 Meo people and other communities were massacred by the British army led by James George Neil (Butcher of Allahabad). Reason:  They cooperated with Indian patriots who demanded  freedom from the British rule. He and another butcher Henry Havelock  put down the revol by hanging   most villagers, including Mewat  community. The British   razed seven  defiant villages, committed murders and massacres with brute forces  to form a new township, a new symbol of colonial power under the Crown administration.It also served as the bazaar and residential area for the British Saheb and Sahiba.  

Butcher Brig.Gen.James Neill. British

Above image:  His tall statue of James Neill (alias Butcher of Allahabad) in Mount Road Madras (now Chennai).with military dress and cloak . Since 1927 several protests had been made in Madras to remove this statue.In 1937 it was finally remove. After 1960 the statue is in the madras Museum, gathering dust and dirt.....  The British rulers under Lord Canning  then finally chose to honor Neill, "The Butcher of Allahabad" by erecting a statue of him on arterial Mount Road in (then) Madras in 1860. He killed Indians in thousands.

Trafalgar square, statue of Havelock,

Above image: The bronze statue  of  Major General Sir Henry Havelock KCB as a standing figure in military uniform, with a cloak. He recaptured Cawnpore and Lucknow during the Indian revolt  in 1857, shortly before he died of dysentery. The British govt. relegating his murders and mayhem during the revolt of 1857 in India,  honored him with a statue in a public place in London;erected  by public subscription in 1861..............................

Both army officers  James Neil and Havelock were richly rewarded for their murderous acts.  During the early period of its development Cannington was referred to as the White Town of the city as it was predominated by the British people and a very few Indians were allowed inside.

Allahabad High court,4th oldest in

Civil lines Allahabad, post colonial period.

Above image: A vestige of colonial era, a heritage building partly converted into  a Cinema hall.but retaining the old style in the facade......... 

Now a part of the city civil lines is confined  by the Kamla-Nehru Road, Thornhill Road, Stanley Road, Muir Road and finally joining with the MG road; it is a business area as well residential. Cental Avenue, then called Cannington road has become MG road now, Located here are Allahabad Railway Station and the Prayagraj Bus Depot. The historical sites include  Allahabad Museum and the Public Library on  Kamla Nehru Road.  All Saints Anglican Cathedra l(also known as the Church of Stones), that lies  between the two main streets of the civil lines, MG Marg and SN Marg, built in the early Gothic style of the 13th century.Architect:architect, Sir William Emerson